SACRAMENTO — The California Association for Recreational Fishing (CARF) received a favorable decision by a state appeals court Feb. 9, as a three-judge panel reversed a lower judge’s ruling and deemed a California Department of Fish and Wildlife (DFW) fish stocking policy was potentially burdensome.
The ruling was issued almost three months after attorneys for CARF and DFW presented oral arguments to the Third Appellate District Court in Sacramento.
Attorneys for CARF argued the state illegally drafted regulations that could have forced fishing lakes, private hatcheries and fish farms out of business. The Pacific Legal Foundation, who represented CARF, urged federal judges to protect recreational anglers and the aquaculture industry from “burdensome” regulations.
The appeals court ruled DFW’s mitigation measures imposed on private stocking permit applications were underground regulations and adopted “without complying with the notice and procedure requirements imposed by the [Administrative Procedure Act].”
“The department should hear from the general public, as well as the citizens who operate fish stocking businesses … who will be affected by [the mitigation measures], before it adopts and implements the measure,” the three-judge panel said.
In its appellate brief, CARF accused DFW of breaking the law and harming the public’s recreational fishing opportunities. CARF stated its legal petition was not about whether DFW had the authority to protect state waters but instead if the agency followed proper procedures in exercising its legislatively delegated authority.
“The California Department of Fish and Wildlife … violated the law by imposing burdensome regulations without complying with the procedures mandated by the California Administrative Procedure Act,” the CARF opening brief to the appellate court stated. “These ‘underground regulations’ significantly injure the aquatic industry and the public’s opportunity to engage in recreational fishing.”
The appeals court agreed with CARF’s contention and reversed a superior court decision.
Russell Hildreth, an environmental attorney with the Attorney General’s office in Sacramento, represented DFW in the appellate case.
The CARF decision was published Feb. 10 as part of a joint ruling. The appeals court also issued an opinion in the case of Center for Biological Diversity v. Department of Fish and Wildlife. DFW earned a favorable decision in that appeal, which challenged the department’s use of environmental impact reports (EIR) to analyze a statutorily mandated fish hatchery and stocking enterprise.
“An EIR need only ‘identify any alternatives that were considered by the lead agency but were rejected as infeasible during the scoping process and briefly explain the reasons underlying the lead agency’s determination.’ The EIR complied with this directive,” the three-judge panel ruled. “The department did not abuse its discretion in complying with … requirements for consideration of alternatives.”
Joshua Thompson, who represented CARF in the appeals court, said the ruling benefits anglers and ensures DFW must properly follow the process.
“The recreational fishing industry is very pleased with the outcome. They no longer have to suffer under regulations that were imposed upon them without any input,” Thompson said. “Any future regulations affecting the Fishing in the City Program or private fish stocking permits will have to go through the APA to carry the force of law. This decision ensures that if agencies try to covertly adopt regulations without seeking input from the regulated public and following the requirements of the APA, their actions will be declared illegal.”
Craig Elliott, CARF president and owner of Santa Ana River Lakes, Corona Lake and Anaheim Lake, said the ruling benefits anglers and fishing-related jobs.
“We could not be more pleased with the Appellate Court’s rejection of the Department’s illegal regulations,” Elliott said. “This ruling ensures that freshwater fishing will continue to be an affordable and accessible form of recreation for California families and a source of jobs. California anglers owe a debt of gratitude to PLF for championing our cause.”
Hildreth was not available for comment.